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What does “Synthetic Data” mean? – Legal definition

Synthetic Data: According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the word “Synthetic Data” means data generated from data/processes and a model that is trained to reproduce the characteristics and structure of the original data aiming for a similar distribution. The degree to which synthetic data is an accurate proxy for the original data…

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What does “AI Accuracy” mean? – Legal definition

(AI) Accuracy: According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “(AI) Accuracy” means: Closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure. The goal of an AI model is to learn patterns that generalize well for unseen data. It is important to check…

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What does “Test” mean? – Legal definition

Test: According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Test” means: Technical operation to determine one or more characteristics of or to evaluate the performance of a given product, material, equipment, organism, physical phenomenon, process, or service according to a specified procedure.

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What does “TEVV” mean? – Legal definition

Test and Evaluation, Verification and Validation (TEVV): According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Test and Evaluation, Verification and Validation (TEVV)” means: A framework for assessing, incorporating methods and metrics to determine that a technology or system satisfactorily meets its design specifications and requirements, and that it is sufficient for its…

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What does “Algorithm” mean? – Legal definition

Algorithm: According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Algorithm” means: An algorithm consists of a set of step-by-step instructions to solve a problem (e.g., not including data). The algorithm can be abstract and implemented in different programming languages and software libraries.

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What does “Classification” mean? – Legal definition

Classification: According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Classification” means: A classification system is a set of “boxes” into which things are sorted. Classifications are consistent, have unique classificatory principles, and are mutually exclusive. In AI design, when the output is one of a finite set of values (such as sunny,…

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What does “Federated Learning” mean? – Legal definition

Federated Learning: According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Federated Learning” means: Federated learning is a machine learning model which addresses the problem of data governance and privacy by training algorithms collaboratively without transferring the data to another location. Each federated device shares its local model parameters instead of sharing the…

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What does “Generative Adversarial Network (GAN)” mean? – Legal definition

Generative Adversarial Network (GAN): According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Generative Adversarial Network (GAN)” means: Generative Adversarial Networks, or GANs for short, are an approach to generative modeling using deep learning methods, such as convolutional neural networks. Generative modeling is an unsupervised learning task in machine learning that involves automatically…

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What does “Human Values for AI” mean? – Legal definition

Human Values for AI: According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Human Values for AI” means: Values are idealized qualities or conditions in the world that people find good. AI systems are not value-neutral. The incorporation of human values into AI systems requires that we identify whether, how, and what we…

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What does “Human-Centric AI” mean? – Legal definition

Human-Centric AI: According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Human-Centric AI” means: An approach to AI that prioritizes human ethical responsibility, dynamic qualities, understanding, and meaning. It encourages the empowerment of humans in design, use, and implementation of AI systems. Human-Centric AI systems are built on the recognition of a meaningful…

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What does “Large Language Model (LLM)” mean? – Legal definition

Large Language Model (LLM): According to the first edition of the EU-U.S. terminology and taxonomy for artificial intelligence, the term “Large Language Model (LLM)” means: A class of language models that use deep-learning algorithms and are trained on extremely large textual datasets that can be multiple terabytes in size. LLMs can be classed into two types: generative or discriminatory. Generative…

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